O Muro das Lamentações ou Muro Ocidental é o segundo local mais sagrado do judaísmo, atrás somente do Santo dos Santos, no monte do Templo. Trata-se do único vestígio do antigo Templo de Herodes, erguido por Herodes, o Grande no lugar do Templo de Jerusalém inicial.
The Western Wall, Wailing Wall, or Kotel (Hebrew: הַכּוֹתֶל הַמַּעֲרָבִי), known in Islam as the Buraq Wall (Arabic: Ḥā’iṭ al-Burāq حَائِط ٱلْبُرَاق Arabic pronunciation: ['ħaːʔɪtˤ albʊ'raːq]), is an ancient limestone wall in the Old City of Jerusalem. It is a relatively small segment of a far longer ancient retaining wall, known also in its entirety as the "Western Wall". The wall was originally erected as part of the expansion of the Second Jewish Temple begun by Herod the Great, which resulted in the encasement of the natural, steep hill known to Jews and Christians as the Temple Mount, in a large rectangular structure topped by a huge flat platform, thus creating more space for the Temple itself and its auxiliary buildings. For Muslims, it is traditionally the site where the Islamic Prophet Muhammad tied his winged steed, al-Buraq, on his Isra and Mi'raj to Jerusalem before ascending to paradise, and constitutes the Western border of al-Haram al-Sharif.