O Irão é uma República Islâmica no Golfo Pérsico (Árabe), com
locais históricos do tempo do Império Persa. As extensas ruínas de
mármore marcam Persépolis, a capital do império, fundada por Dário I no
século VI A.C. A capital moderna, Teerão, alberga o opulento Palácio do
Golestão, sede da Dinastia Cajar (1794 – 1925), bem como pontos de
referência como a Torre Milad, com 435 metros de altura.
Iran (Persian: ?????? Ir?n [?i?????n] (About this soundlisten)), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: ?????? ?????? ?????? Jomhuri-ye Esl?mi-ye Ir?n (About this soundlisten) [d?omhu???ije esl???mije ?i????n]), is a country in Western Asia. With 82 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Its territory spans 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the political and economic center of Iran, and the largest and most populous city in Western Asia with more than 8.8 million residents in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area